Jesus, King of Edessa
(Jesus was a king of Edessa, in northern Syria)
by Ralph Ellis




This will be a challenging book for many readers, not simply because of the sometimes complex evidence that will be explored, but also because this book really does overturn all our preconceived ideas about the New Testament and the history it was trying to tell.

Readers of Ralph's previous works will understand that Saul (St Paul) was actually Josephus Flavius, the 1st century Jewish historian. This was proposed some 15 years ago in Jesus, Last of the Pharaohs, but since there was so much opposition to this amalgamation of characters this claim was eventually re-explored and proven many years later in the book King Jesus. But this radical conflation of characters is not merely an interesting aside, it is central to understanding who Jesus really was; for perhaps the most important result of this new identification was the troubling fact that all of the gospel accounts actually occurred in the AD 50s and 60s - some 20 or 30 years later than the orthodox chronology would suggest. This dramatic reevaluation of biblical chronology has been vigorously challenged, by a diverse array of both orthodox and freethinking critics, but time after time the ancient texts have backed up this claim - including the Vulgate Cycle of Arthurian legend. When writing the history of Joseph of Arimathaea, the author(s) of this vast Arthurian tome came across an insurmountable chronological problem, for Joseph also needed to be active during the siege of Jerusalem, and so the laughable literary solution to this conundrum was to make Joseph go to sleep for three days and yet wake up forty years later. Such are the many problems that the orthodox biblical chronology imposes on the true history of this region.

Then we had the illumination provided by the books Cleopatra to Christ and King Jesus, which proposed that Jesus was a descendent of Cleopatra of Egypt. More radically, it would appear that he was a direct descendent of Queen Thea Muse Ourania, who had been given to King Phraates IV of Parthia (Persia) as a diplomatic bride by Emperor Octavian. But Queen Ourania was exiled from Parthia in AD 4 and made her way with 200 courtiers and 600 cavalry to Syria. And they did so just as the Star Prophesy gained popularity in Rome - the prophesy that claimed a new king would be born under an eastern star, an eastern monarch who would rule the whole Empire. So in AD 4 we do indeed have a royal family who were on a journey and living in a state of poverty, perhaps in a stable, whose new infant son was born under the Eastern Star and would have been visited by the Magi. Remember that the Magi were the Parthian priesthood and king-makers, and so they would only be interested in an infant who had an element of Parthian royal blood. And when tracking the history of that same infant within the many chronicles of Saul-Josephus, it was apparent that he grew up to become Jesus of Gamala, who is also called King Izas of the Adiabene. And so we at last knew who Jesus was - he was Jesus-Izas, a minor prince of a land called Adiabene.

Cleopatra Thea Muse


Fig 1.
Busts of Queen Cleopatra of Egypt and Queen Ourania of Parthia.
Note the similarity between these queens, which is not so surprising if they were mother and daughter.



However, although these identifications were hugely radical and thought-provoking, eliciting a great deal of debate in conferences and within the blogsphere, there was nothing tangible to really challenge the traditionalist believer here, because you could not put a historical finger on any of these characters. Jesus of Gamala and King Izas had no city, no palace, no mosaic images, no records, and not even a contemporary coin to their name. And where was this mythical land called Adiabene? It certainly did not sound like the location in Iraq, to which it was ascribed. Thus Jesus of Gamala and King Izas were merely phantoms of literature from the not entirely reliable quicksilver-quill of Saul-Josephus, and as such they could be dismissed by the Christian faithful as literary apparitions created by Saul-Josephus for his own nefarious purposes.

However, Jesus, King of Edessa, Ralph's new book, is a radically different prospect for both the theist and the secular rationalist alike, and so readers will have to brace themselves for the secrets that lie within the many pages of this new book. Just imagine being able to visit the city that Jesus governed; to stand on his citadel; to look at contemporary images of Jesus himself and of his direct descendants. Impossible? Not at all. One just needs to have the key to unlock this historical vista, and that key was provided for us many centuries ago by an unknown author who wrote the haunting hymn 'O Come, O Come, Emmanuel'. This hymn calls Jesus 'Emmanuel', a little-used name for Jesus that is only mentioned once within the gospel accounts, in Matthew 1:23.


The Emmanuel key

But why did Jesus have a name that he never used? A name that was shoehorned into the gospel accounts in a most unsatisfactory manner? Was this simply a scribal error or oversight, or was this a deliberate ploy - a secret code or key that would conceal the true identity of Jesus from all but the truly enlightened and initiated? That, is the central mystery that we need to explore and explain. But that key would not have been of any great use without the lubricant provided by the mournful melodies of Enya, who brought this key to life. Thus in the introduction to this book, it is Enya who provides us with the beauty and wonder that this enigmatic key deserves.

Vid 1.
Enya Video - 'O Come, O come, Emmanuel'. The key to the historical Jesus.


But if the hymn 'Emmanuel' was the key to unlock the secrets of the gospels, then the new chronology that the previous books in this series provided was the locking mechanism itself - for there is absolutely no point in having a key if one is trying to unbolt the wrong lock. Readers could use the 'Emmanuel key' for an entire lifetime on the classical AD 30s date for the gospels, and find absolutely nothing. It is only when we try to rotate this key in the AD 60s lock that the mechanism will slide open, and the new golden-rayed vista of the historical Jesus-Emmanuel will become apparent. And so the identification of Jesus in the historical record that will take place in this new book is utterly dependent on this late AD 60s date for the gospel events, that has been painstakingly explored and explained in the previous books in this great series.


King Abgar of Edessa

So who was Jesus? Well, without giving too much away, and so detracting from the exciting historical treasure-hunt in the new book, perhaps we can explore and explain who this Jesus character really was. In short, the previous books in this series were perfectly correct, and so this new book represents a rather satisfying confirmation that all of the previous research was based upon solid foundations. So yes, Jesus was indeed descended from Queen Thea Muse Ourania; and this Egypto-Parthian queen did indeed get exiled from Parthia in AD 4; and her husband-son was indeed the semi-mythical monarch called King Monobazus-Izas of Adiabene.

The crucial difference, however, is the new evidence that the lands of Adiabene were not in Iraq, where Saul-Josephus appeared to be pointing. In fact, Saul-Josephus was being ingeniously duplicitous here, as he was in all his other works, in concealing the true location for his semi-mythical land called Adiabene. In reality Saul-Josephus' character called King Monobazus-Izas of Adiabene was a delightful hypocorism or nickname for King Abgarus of Edessa. And we know the conflation between these two kings is correct, because the Syriac historians say that Queen Helena, the wife of King Monobazus-Izas, married King Abgarus of Edessa. This does mean, of course, that the semi-mythical kingdom commonly known as Adiabene was actually the Osrhoene, the real kingdom of the kings of Edessa.

Edessa, citadel


Fig 2.
The once wealthy and influential city of Edessa, looking from the citadel above the city.



Abgar who? - readers might exclaim. Precisely. Readers are probably unaware, but King Abgarus of Edessa was a central character within 1st century Syrio-Judaean history and within the biblical accounts, and so they must ask themselves why they have never heard of this king or this city. Why is this so? Because both Saul-Josephus and the Catholic Church did not want anyone to know anything about King Abgar, and so he has been deleted from history. Saul-Josephus, for instance, writes an entire history of 1st century Judaeo-Syria, but never once mentions King Abgar or the powerful and influential city of Edessa - a city that became the first and the greatest center of early Nazarene Christianity.

But how can this be? It is inconceivable that Saul-Josephus did not know of Abgar and the exploits of his famous wife and sons, and their many connections to the biblical story, so how it is possible that he does not mention them? Well he does mention them, on numerous occasions, but he calls this Edessan monarch King Monobazus-Izas of Adiabene. Why? Because the true history of King Abgar was deeply troubling for the new fairy-story that Saul-Josephus was peddling to the gullible faithful: the disingenuous and mendacious fable that we now call the New Testament.

Edessan king


Fig 3.
An image of a son of King Abgar, based upon numismatic and sculptural artifacts.
This is exactly what this prince looked like, and how he dressed. This, therefore, is an image of the biblical Jesus.



Crown of Thorns

And how do we know that these Edessan monarchs were connected with the biblical family and with Jesus himself? In fact, readers of this new book will find that the evidence is both comprehensive and overwhelming, for once we start making this comparison a veritable Niagara of information pours forth from that region to confirm this connection. Ralph had no idea, before starting this investigation, how prolific and authoritative the Armenian and Syriac Christian chroniclers were. Forget the PC claims that Islam maintained the enlightenment through the Dark Ages, in reality the science, astronomy and philosophy of Greece was maintained by the Syriac intellectuals who lived as dhimmi serfs under their Muslim overlords. And so this identification for Jesus is not merely an interesting possibility, this will be an incontrovertible proof that Jesus was a son of King Abgar - a prince of Edessa. Indeed, the biblical Jesus and this prince-king of Edessa even share the same name.

But this radical new identification gives us so much more information about the biblical Jesus, including contemporary coins and even a contemporary statue that show exactly what he looked like. And one of the interesting aspects of this new pictorial evidence, is the astonishing fact that the Edessan monarchs always wore a ceremonial Crown of Thorns.

Thus the famous crucifixion scene for Jesus was not a simple mockery of a carpenter who claimed to be a king, it was actually a mockery of an Edessan monarch who had lost a battle with Rome. And to emphasize who was right and who was wrong in this dispute, the Romans dressed Jesus up as a defeated Edessan monarch, complete with his rather peculiar-looking Crown of Thorns - a crown that is central to the true theology and beliefs of this Edesso-biblical family, and is intimately linked to the Scottish Stone of Scone. This is why this crown was being denigrated in this fashion, it was not simply because it looked strange, it was because it was symbolic of an ancient belief system that had emerged from Egypt thousands of years ago and had matured in Greece for hundreds more years. This was a creed that was envied and feared in equal measure, and has left its mark on lands as remote as Ireland and Scotland.



Abgar coin


Fig 4.
The King of Edessa wearing his plaited Crown of Thorns,
just as Mk 15:17 and Joh 19:2 describe.



As we can see, the gospels were not wrong in what they recorded. In fact, the revised history of this region demonstrates that they are almost entirely correct - it is simply our perception of these events that is wrong. In reality, all of the gospel events happened in the turbulent AD 60s, and not during the comparative tranquil of the AD 30s. More importantly, Jesus was not a pauper-carpenter he was a king, for that is what the titles 'christ' and 'messiah' mean: they refer to an anointed king of Israel, which is why this great leader was called the King of the Jews. In reality, Jesus was an Edessan prince who was taking advantage of turmoil within the Roman Empire, to advance his claim to rule the world.


The Star Prophesy

In AD 65 Nero had kicked his wife Poppaea to death, and so from that time on he was a dead man walking and everyone knew it; and so many influential and powerful Romans began jostling for power and for the Throne of Rome. One of those contenders for the imperial throne was Jesus-Izas, the prince of Edessa. How do we know this? Because the great oracle that was being spread in the corridors of power in Rome at that time was the Star Prophesy, which foretold that a star from the east would become the Emperor of Rome. The Roman chroniclers report this oracle rather more soberly, and the following is a conflation of the reports by Suetonius and Tacitus.

In most (Jews) there was a firm persuasion, that in the ancient records of their priests was contained a prediction of how at this very time the East was to grow powerful, and rulers coming from Judaea were to acquire a universal empire. This prediction referred to a Roman Emperor, as events showed, but the Jews applying it to themselves broke out into rebellion. (Tacitus, The Histories, 5:13) (Suetonius, The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, Vespasian IV)

The rebellion mentioned here is the great Jewish Revolt of the late AD 60s, the revolt that was led by both Jesus of Gamala and by King Izas of Adiabene-Edessa (who were, in reality, the same person). And the 'universal empire' that this quote refers to, is the vast pan-national empire that Jesus wanted to establish. Remember that this princely Jesus-Izas was directly related to the royal lines of Egypt, Rome and Parthia, and could potentially have united the entire known world into one vast empire. And who would be the leader of this great empire? Well, in Judaic traditions this same prophesy was known as the Star Prophesy of the East; but who was born under the Eastern Star at this very time? The gospels say of these same events:

There came Magi from Parthia to Jerusalem, saying: 'Where is he that is born King of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.' Math 2:1-2

The unmistakable conclusion to this ground-breaking book will be that Jesus was a king of Edessa in the AD 60s, who very nearly became the emperor of Rome.


Roman propaganda

But this historical truth undermines everything the Church has been trying to peddle over the last 2,000 years, about their pauper prince of peace. In reality, Jesus-Izas was was warrior prince of great wealth and even greater ambitions. And so the New Testament's distorted version of Judaean history was not simply a parody of the true history of this region, devised for literary amusement, it was also Roman propaganda. Rome was exasperated with Judaeo-Nazarene agitation in its eastern provinces, and having comprehensively wiped Judaea off the map it decided to give the surviving populations in that region a political double-punch - courtesy of Emperor Vespasian's quicksilver-quilled wordsmith, Saul-Josephus (the biblical Saul, or St Paul).

In a triumph of mendacity over honesty, Saul-Josephus produced the Jewish War; a secular history of Judaea which basically said that Rome was grievously provoked and was therefore just in destroying Judaea. But there were also the divisive creeds of Orthodox and Nazarene Judaism to tame and quell. Thus Saul-Josephus also wrote and edited a religio-spiritual history of 1st century Judaea, which eventually became Judaism Lite or Simple Judaism - a new Rome-friendly version of Judaism that any Roman Gentile could join, which is now known as Christianity. And who could Saul-Josephus employ as the hero figure of Judaism Lite? Well, this just had to be the infamous hero-villain of the Jewish Revolt, who we know from the historical record was called King Jesus-Izas and who we now know was an ambitious king of Edessa.

But to counter any further thoughts of revolution, Saul-Josephus ensured that this spiritual hero-villain had been deliberately detached from his homeland and emasculated from his imperious role. The true history of a warrior king had become a fallacious cult of a prince of peace, and Emperor Vespasian must have been very pleased with the successful propaganda that Saul-Josephus had so expertly crafted.


Edessa jacket


Fig 5.
The cover image for Jesus, King of Edessa.
This is an image of the biblical Jesus, taken from contemporary coins and a contemporary statue, with Jesus wearing his ceremonial Crown of Thorns.





Book: Jesus, King of Edessa
By: Ralph Ellis
Content: 560 pages, colour images
World release: Mar 2013 - on iPad, Nook and Kindle